The Scripture speaks
- of the election of individuals to office or to honor and privilege, e.g., Abraham, Jacob, Saul, David, Solomon, were all chosen by God for the positions they held; so also, were the apostles.
- There is also an election of nations to special privileges, e.g., the Hebrews (Deut 7:6; Rom 9:4).
- But in addition, there is an election of individuals to eternal life (2 Th. 2:13; Eph. 1:4; 1Pe 1:2; John 13:18).
The ground of this election to salvation is the good pleasure of God (Eph. 1:5, 11; Mat 11:25, 26; John 15:16, 19). God claims the right so to do (Rom 9:16, 21).
It is not conditioned on faith or repentance but is of sovereign grace (Rom 11:4-6; Eph. 1:3-6). All that pertain to salvation, the means (Eph. 2:8; 2Th 2:13) as well as the end, are of God (Acts 5:31; 2Ti 2:25; 1Co 1:30; Eph. 2:5, 10). Faith and repentance and all other graces are the exercises of a regenerated soul; and regeneration is God’s work, a “new creature.”
Men are elected “to salvation,” “to the adoption of sons,” “to be holy and without blame before him in love” (2Th 2:13; Gal 4:4, 5; Eph. 1:4). The ultimate end of election is the praise of God’s grace (Eph. 1:6, 12). Easton’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.
The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern representative democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens, where the Elections were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortation, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot.
Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place or improving the fairness or effectiveness of existing systems. Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections (especially with a view to predicting future results).
To elect means “to choose or decide”, and so sometimes other forms of ballot such as referendums are referred to as elections, especially in the United States. Wikipedia